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  1. Definition
  2. Biodiversity: from concept to convention
  3. On the ambivalence of the concept
  4. Action plans and strategies for biodiversity in the political arena
  5. Biodiversity in spatial planning
  6. Biodiversity and ecosystem services
Additional literature

Biodiversity (‘biological diversity’) encompasses the variety of life in all its manifestations. Starting with the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted in 1992, the concept has found its way into various strategies and action plans at the national and international levels, and biodiversity is now treated as a protected resource in environmental impact assessments.

Beate Jessel

Brownfield site, derelict/vacant site

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  1. Background
  2. Definition of terms and classifications
  3. Potential for urban and regional development
  4. Importance of brownfield sites for the challenges and objectives of urban and regional development
  5. Strategies for dealing with brownfield sites
  6. Planning instruments
Additional literature

Brownfield sites comprise areas which previously had built use, but which have been abandoned and have not been actively used for a defined subsequent use for a certain period of time, whereby the term derelict site originally referred to brownfield sites that were formerly used for military purposes, but are now also commonly comprise large-scale industrial and infrastructure brownfield sites.

Stefanie Rößler, Juliane Mathey

Building law

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  1. Public and private building law
  2. Development of public building law
  3. Urban development law
  4. Building regulations
Additional literature

Building law comprises both private and public legal regulations governing the type and density of built use, the municipal structure of building and development, and the legal relationships between the parties involved in preparing a project.

Susan Grotefels