Territorial categories

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  1. Meaning of the term
  2. Functionally and analytically demarcated territorial categories or spatial types
  3. Territorial categories and spatial categories in spatial development plans
  4. Outlook

Territorial categories, also known as spatial categories or spatial types, are used to classify spaces according to different demarcation criteria. They are used in a twofold manner: analytically as part of spatial observation and spatial research, and as core content pursuant to the Federal Spatial Planning Act (Raumordnungsgesetz, ROG) and spatial development plans.

Hans-Jörg Domhardt, Swantje Grotheer

Territorial cohesion

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  1. Basic principles
  2. First steps towards a European spatial development policy
  3. Further development
  4. Current discussion

Additional literature

This article traces the origins of the term territorial cohesion from the Treaty of Rome to the Europe 2020 Strategy. It focuses on the various interpretations given to the term as a result of language differences and diverging definitions linked to the respective context of the member states.


Evelyn Gustedt

The history of urban planning

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  1. New planning conditions at the turn of the 19th century and the development of planning law
  2. Urban expansion and urban redevelopment in the 19th century
  3. Urban design reforms around 1900
  4. The Fordist social model and its effects on city planning
  5. Urban planning in the Weimar Republic
  6. Urban planning in the National Socialist period
  7. Urban expansion and urban redevelopment after 1945 in the Federal Republic of Germany
  8. Urban expansion and urban redevelopment in the German Democratic Republic
Additional literature

The history of urban planning in Germany begins in the 19th century and is characterised by the new social phenomenon of a divided creation of towns by private landowners and the local authority responsible for planning. Urban planning emerged against a background of technological and sociopolitical changes. The essential threads of urban expansion, urban redevelopment and the emergence of planning instruments will be outlined alongside central developmental phases chronologically up to 1990, emphasising the continuities and disruptions.

Hildegard Schröteler-von Brandt