The Compendium of Urban and Regional Development

The Academy for Territorial Development in the Leibniz Association (formerly known as The Academy for Spatial Research and Planning) (ARL) has been publishing the Handwörterbuch der Stadt- und Raumentwicklung for over five decades.

It is directed at interested academics and practitioners. A selection of English language articles can be downloaded here for free.

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The German versions of all articles are available here.


Weighing of interests

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  1. Basic principles
  2. Elements of the required weighing of interests and errors in weighing interests
  3. Consequences of errors
Additional literature

The required weighing of interests is the principal limitation on the planning authority’s freedom of discretion. It is applicable across all forms of spatial planning and requires each decision-maker concerned to include all interests in the weighing process that are relevant under the circumstances, to not underestimate the relevance and significance of the interests concerned and, finally, to reconcile the respective interests in a manner that is not disproportionate to the weight of individual concerns.

Hendrik Schoen