The highest federal authorities in the Federal Republic of Germany are the federal ministries, each led by a federal minister nominated by the federal chancellor and appointed by the federal president. The Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS) is responsible for spatial planning. It is also the most important federal government investor, since all federal responsibilities for transport and physical infrastructure are concentrated under its roof.
A particularly important subordinate higher federal authority within the purview of the BMVBS is the Federal Office for Building and Regional Planning (BBR). The BBR assists the federal government with expert advice on spatial and urban planning, as well as on housing and building. Within the BMVBS, the (standing) Conference of Ministers for Spatial Planning (MKRO) and the Advisory Council on Spatial Planning are two important advisory institutions (=Federal Insitute for Research on Building, Urban Affairs and Spatial Development)