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Knowledge and Communication Platform of the ARL

Cities and Metropolises in France and Germany

New Research Report out now

In both countries, France and Germany, there is great pressure to change and adapt towards new forms of urbanity. Not all types of urban areas are equally affected by these issues. The book aims to do justice to this situation, considering in both cases the context of the national urban systems. 

The research report is available (Open Access) in the ARL online-shop


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The ARL is an independent, non-partisan institution for the spatial sciences under public law and is based in Hanover.

As a Leibniz institution, it is funded jointly by the Federal Government and the federal states due to its supraregional significance and its work in the interest of national science policy.

The specific working method of the ARL, which is transdisciplinary and network-based, allows for close collaboration and a wide-ranging exchange of ideas and knowledge between members of the academic community and planning practitioners.


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